Sunday, August 18, 2013

The Numbers Station (2013, Film)

The Numbers Station opens with two men parked on a darkened street in present day Jackson, New Jersey. The driver, an older man named Grey (Liam Cunningham), is relating the mineral worth of humans – less than five dollars – while the passenger is focused on his small black notebook writing a series of numbers down, circling some of the digits while referencing a separate printed page of numbers. Emerson (John Cusack), the decoder, acknowledges he has received his mission directive, lights the page on fire and tosses it out the window. Grey gives him 10 minutes to complete his task. Thus begins this suspense-driven thriller that follows Emerson's fall from grace within the CIA's Black Ops organization when he fails to kill an innocent bystander who witnessed him cleaning up a hit, causing him to spiral into a psychological journey to discover his answer to “why” through the rest of the film.

Emerson (John Cusack) has a lot on his mind

Emerson is given one more chance to prove his worth with what should be a straightforward babysitting mission. In an off-the-radar bunker located somewhere in rural Suffolk, England, Emerson protects a civilian codes operator, Katherine (Malin Akerman), who broadcasts shortwave messages encrypted in a series of apparent random numbers. However, Emerson’s mental and emotional state after the last hit has followed him; on his off duty hours, he drinks to block out images of the witness’ death. After two months pass without incident, Emerson and Katherine are shot at as they await a switch off with the other team in the bunker. The bunker becomes a dangerous refuge as they try to unravel how the bunker became compromised during the prior team’s watch, and more importantly, how to reverse 15 suspect broadcasts that could be orders for nefarious activities. Emerson’s safety net, the organization’s operator, directs him to “retire” Katherine, putting him squarely in the same situation of being ordered to kill an innocent person. Feelings of extreme emotional conflict bubble to the surface for Emerson. This time, he must face his demons and reconcile who he is and what he believes in.

Emerson drinks himself into a stupor to find momentary peace

A Closer Look at The Numbers Station

The first and most rudimentary question when a clandestine agency is involved in the storyline is where the movie (television show, book, manga, et. al.) fits along the spy/espionage spectrum and others of its ilk. Because the genre is a conglomerate of varying degrees of spy and espionage and identifiers of genre can be and are often shared, it seems easier to talk in terms of one overarching genre, but I think that does a disservice to what is being analyzed. 

Based on prior exposure to the genre’s many offerings, let’s start by dividing the genre into soft spy-fi and hard spy-fi. The former is based in fantasy and the fantastical plots of world domination and/or complete destruction. Technology will usually be a prominent feature, typically in the capabilities of the gadgets and weapons brandished by secret agent/superspy and maniacal villain alike. Character development may be secondary to the mission as the main plot device to propel the story towards its conclusion. Examples of soft spy-fi would include the Bond and Eurospy films, Get Smart, Deux Ex, and Najica Blitz Tactics. The latter form is rooted in the realistic spy and espionage, with emphasis on technical aspects of the clandestine activities. The spy uses their ingenuity over gadgets on steroids; likely, they may only have a smart phone at their disposal to compliment their experience and training. A personal character flaw may become an important aspect to the story. Some examples would include The Quiller Memorandum, Enigma, MI-5, Burn Notice, 24, Splinter Cell, and novels by Ian Fleming, Edward Aarons and Stieg Larsson, to name but just a few. The lines are apt to blur when one takes on some of the characteristics of the other, leading them to fall more in the center of the spectrum than further away to one of the opposing points.

Mystery encryptions - can the key be found? 

So, where does this put The Numbers Station? This movie sits squarely in the hard spy-fi camp because it portrays a sense of realism to being a Black Ops agent for the CIA. Issued with a little black notebook and a gun, Emerson relies on his seasoned experience and training to get himself through the various issues he must face during the movie. Technical encryption expertise is explored in some detail from the viewpoint of coder (Katherine) and decoder (Emerson) when they must work together to figure out how to reverse the 15 encrypted codes broadcast. This narrative of sharing encryption expertise and problem solving is reminiscent of Tom and Hester in the 2001 Enigma (although neither one of them are spies: they worked for a clandestine British intelligence organization at Bletchley Park during World War II).

Psychologist: "We are has all been distilled down to zeros and ones" 

The Numbers Station does spend a fair amount of time on exploring the character flaws of Emerson and briefly, Katherine, because it does weigh in on decisions made during the movie. After many years of being a “yes” man, Emerson begins to question the “why” when he botches his hit and he refuses to follow through on an order to kill a bystander. After the event, Emerson ia subjected to a psychological evaluation to examine what went wrong:

Emerson: She [the young woman who he refused to kill after she witnessed the hit] asked a very good question.

Psychologist: Which was?

Emerson: Why.

Psychologist: We are sociopaths. We’re vulnerable to qualms of conscience like anyone else. We face these decisions every day, and we vote up or down. Like everything else, it has all been distilled down to zeros and ones.

According the psychologist, decisions are black and white and seem to carry the same weight regardless if it is deciding which brand of soap to buy or whether to follow an order, even an order to take another person’s life. For Emerson, decisions do not distill down to a binary structure of one or the other; it’s a concept that he is forced to revisit a number of times.

At one point, Emerson and Katherine sharply point out each other’s shortcomings: he tells her she fits the coder’s profile of a college dropout, insecure, a possible victim of sexual abuse, and highly intelligent, and she responds that he is an arrogant person hating everyone and seeing everyone as a potential hit. He tells her she is close, but in actuality, he assesses himself with the following traits that led Emerson to reveal how the CIA was able to recruit him:

Emerson: I had a stable childhood but with an underlying desire to break free from control or authority. Restless. Sense of entitlement. Striking lack of empathy or compassion for other people….Recruited me straight out of college. Said it was the best opportunity I’d ever have. Told me I’d do special things, important things.

Katherine: But you’re worth more than that, what some bureaucrat wrote down on a piece of paper 20 years ago.

Emerson: All they’re talking about is what’s real. Reality. They know how to use it. They’re good at it.

While Katherine’s belief is that it is a job – hers and his – and that when the going gets rough, it’s as simple as walking away and doing something else. However, is it that simple? Tempers flare again and Emerson pushes Katherine to realize that although she is a civilian employee, she is still culpable for the part she plays within the organization. Her na├»ve patriotism and service to her country is not an excuse of innocence, claims Emerson in an angry outburst. As the anger subsides, each set to their respective tasks – Emerson to resolve the physical threat of the unknown assailant and Katherine to discover the password to the master encryptions so she can broadcast cancellation orders. 

Despite differences of opinion, Emerson and Katherine find code a common thread

After evaluating against the spy-fi spectrum, I look for any facets of the film that can be traced back to Bond’s sphere of influence on popular culture. Sometimes there are blatant homage instances to James Bond and other times, it may be subtle or none at all. In the case of The Numbers Station, Cusack’s Emerson is anything but Bond incarnate. Rather, his portrayal of a flawed Black Ops CIA agent is gritty and a pragmatic approach to the spy genre. Emerson toils away his evenings in tormented contemplation – haunted by his growing sense of morality, questioning his loyalty to the agency. He drinks to excess to dull the pain in the wee hours of the night, but the doubt remains and is at the forefront of his mind as he deals with the central crisis of the movie. Daniel Craig’s interpretation of Bond, especially while pretending to be dead after the opening sequence of Skyfall, one could find some parallels between the two characters. However, in the case of Emerson, he calls into question one’s blind allegiance, exploring and challenging the rules of engagement in the Jason Bourne series and hit man type films such as Wanted (2008) and The Replacement Killers (1998). Otherwise, Bond is no where to be seen or felt in this movie.

As an independent film, the use of one location – an old English bunker – for the vast majority of the movie is utilized to stretch a modest budget. Although the use of audio playback and visual flashbacks build a sense of suspense, there are other indie films that have utilized the single location to better advantage: Pontypool (2009), The Outpost (2008), and The Devil’s Rock (2011) come to mind. What works for The Numbers Station is the psychological component of two people, competently acted by Cusack and Akerman, having to pool their respective skills and knowledge and find trust with each other in spite of their character flaws. While Emerson is no Bond, he does add to the hard spy-fi offerings within the larger, ever evolving spy/espionage genre. 

Emerson deep in thought

Wednesday, August 7, 2013

A Blast From the Past: James Bond Jr. Jaws Action Figure

Jaws Action Figure for James Bond Jr. cartoon series from Hasbro

“You’re the ultimate secret agent in the dark world of international espionage with James Bond Jr. action figures, vehicles and spy gear. Battle it out against enemy agents from the evil S.C.U.M. [Saboteurs and Criminals United in Mayhem] organization, and whatever you do, don’t blow your cover!”

Having just watched Moonraker this past weekend, the arrival of this little gem this week is timely. A novelty gift from my thoughtful boyfriend, the chomping jaw-crushing action figure comes with a steel bar (well, really plastic) and a decoder strip, because on the back of the packaging, there’s a specially coded section that includes a bio, weapons profile (I think we all know it’s the teeth!), and mission details.

What's the back of the packaging

Jaws (played by Richard Kiel, who is an incredibly kind person in real life) is just one of twelve figurines licensed by Eon Productions and manufactured by Hasbro in 1991. Jaws is outfitted with a rather bright blue suit that includes slacks that are too short to fit his 7 foot plus height, which in conjunction with his yellow tie, makes Jaws look silly. The large mouth of teeth is glaring and creates an imposing caricature of the filmic version. While no disrespect to Jan Rabson who voiced Jaws and several other characters in the cartoon, but it would have been cool if Mr. Kiel had lent his voice to this series.

There are four variants for James Bond Jr. 

James Bond Jr. has four variants ranging from his daily wardrobe to specialized mission gear (i.e. scuba gear). Junior has several villains that include Dr. No (green complexion by the way), Dr. Derange, Walker D Plank, and their henchman, Odd Job and Jaws. And thankfully, James Jr. does not have to face these dastardly characters alone – IQ, Gordo Leiter, and Buddy Mitchell are ready to help. No collection is complete without vehicles – one being James Jr.’s red sports car (I want one!) – and every up-and-coming spy in the making must have a gadget or two at their disposal when fighting the S.C.U.M. of the world! If that is not tempting enough, there are Bond points to collect! Well, perhaps that may be obsolete at this point.

Jaws even has a mission - don't forget your decoder! 

It seems that 20+ years on, the action figures are still readily available via Ebay, Amazon, and other online retailers. Prices range from about $5 to over $30 for James Bond Jr. Now, I have to decide if I want to try to collect the rest – Jaws does look lonely on my shelf – or just keep the collection to Jaws alone?

A couple of links:

Virtual Toy Chest James Bond Jr. Action Figure Photos

Behind the Toys James Bond Jr. Prototypes